Elite theory in general does not posit who exactly those elites are, though individual scholars sometimes do. So we find that maximisation of profit, capital formation, and exploitation, seeking the help of state machinery such as army, police and bureaucracy all are interlinked and there is no scope at all to delink one from the other.
These differences may have full relevance in the field of detailed analysis of Marxist theory of revolution and here we are not concerned with that. From the study of history Marx and Engels have concluded that the state—for all practical purposes—was set up in the slave society.
If so, who will settle the disputes in such a society. The independent functioning of the state away from the influence of the economically dominant class is interpreted by the renowned Marxists as the relative autonomy of state.
Pluralists also believe that there is no one particular issue or point in time at which any group must assert itself to stay true to its own expressed values, but rather that there are a variety of issues and points at which this is possible.
The conflict between these two models cannot be denied. With the seizure of the state power this special role of the state will end. But what role the state will assume depends upon a particular situation.
Marx has, however, said that when the two dominant groups or classes are in perfect balance, in that situation the state might act independently.
Even Lenin accepted this model in his highly eulogised famous work State and Revolution. The recent studies of Marxism have revealed that Marx and Engels did not deny the impartial role of state and this is evident in many writings.
Large military contractors certainly throw their weight around on defense matters, but how much sway do they have on agricultural or health policies. But what role the state will assume depends upon a particular situation. In other words, the chief aim of the bourgeoisie is to control all the branches of government, the economy with all its ramifications and finally the world market.
The owners of private property felt insecurity as to its protection and they felt the necessity of a super power which could provide protection ultimately.
According to Engels the bourgeois class does not wither away but is abolished by the proletariat in the course of revolution. For academic purposes it is necessary to investigate the causes why the state attempts to maintain neutrality or establish its autonomy.
The critics further maintain that it is true that the state sometimes arts as an instrument to favour the bourgeoisie but not all times and on all events. Marx and Engels have repeatedly said that the emancipation of the working class is never possible without the seizure of state power and this can be done through protracted class struggle leading to revolution.
The Marxists have discovered two models of the Marxist theory of state. In the communist society there would not be any class and the special role of the state would prove irrelevant.
Models of the Marxist Theory of State: Marx and Engels said that only the establishment of the dictatorship of the proletariat would be able to emancipate the working class.
But the success of revolution depends upon some preconditions. It is rather the product of society. All these led to a situation which necessitated a state structure.
In the communist society there would not be any class and the special role of the state would prove irrelevant. Not Abolished but Withers Away: The mentality of the workers and that of the capitalists have undergone sea changes during the last century from to In the days when Marx wrote his books there were not enough financial institutions, as they are today, to provide capital.
The phrase state as state means the bourgeois state. Revolution should be permanent. Many critics say that Marxist theory of state is out and out Utopian. This led to the development of corporatist theories.
The exploiters cannot openly declare their real motive or cannot say what they are doing. The three branches of government—the bureaucracy, the army, police— acted in tandem to exploit the workers and under such circumstances no particular industrialist could do anything against the combined anti-labour strategy.
Even after the recession of Cold War the Soviet state was unmistakably the super power along with United States of America. Video: Social Power Theories: Pluralist, Power-Elite & Marxist Models This lesson will explain and differentiate three major theories of power in society: The pluralist model, the power-elite.
A Typology of the State Theories of the State o Pluralism o A Continuum from Pluralism to Elitism There are varying theories of how power operates within the state including pluralism, elitism, Marxism, and “the new right.” Political science metalink by the Virtual Reference Library.
Author. Theories of the Democratic State takes the reader straight to the heart of contemporary issues and debates and, in the process, provides a challenging and distinctive introduction to and reassessment of contemporary political science.
Table of Contents. The State and Liberal Democratic Politics (pluralism, elitism, Marxism. 1- Pluralism, state autonomy, and elitism are three theories of U.S. policy making. Pluralism focuses on the power of individuals, state autonomy on bureaucracies, and elitism on.
Belfast Unemployed Resource Centre Critique of Pluralism “The flaw in the pluralist heaven is that the heavenly chorus sings with a strong upperclass accent” (Schattschneider, p35) Power is not dispersed State is not neutral Society is not equal Limitations of Pluralist theory An.
Three of the major tenets of the pluralist school are (1) resources and hence potential power are widely scattered throughout society; (2) at least some resources are available to nearly everyone; and (3) at any time the amount of potential power exceeds the amount of actual power.
While Pluralism as a political theory of the state and.Three theories of state in political science pluralism elitism and marxism